Trump: “army will pay for wall, or shut down government”

Trump is right about having the military pay for the wall: it’s supposed to be a DEfensive institution, right? A wall just sits there, unlike an army that travels to other continents, to cause other people to have to defend themselves. (And invasions always succeed, so defense is impossible, wall or not.) By not causing anger in Arabia/Persia, the wall is the best defensive measure imaginable – apart from government shutdown with full defunding. Gosh who’d have thought? Trump bringing democracy to the USA?

Of course, the real purpose of the wall is to keep people locked up inside.

Not very #democratic.

Gumpert RG Nathalie
Kijk, een nuchtere kijk op #brandstof. Ipv je vast te klampen aan het moeilijke #waterstof, kun je er #alcohol ingooien. Dat heb ik als aftershave,. Waterstof vereist een grandioze & riskante infra-uitbreiding.
Maar ja, #duur was nu net de reden van #Gore

Communism is monarchy

I’m sure the anarcho communists will get enraged by this post (it don’t take much to enrage an ancom). That must be, because it is entirely true.
Reasoning goes like this: under communism succession is always along the party lineage, resembling the monarchical bloodline. Making communism about equally democratic as king Louis XVI.
This ensures that the glorious new policy will strongly resemble the old guy’s policy. That’s progressiveness for you.

Making punishments work

As any good parent will know: sure, some offspring must be threatened with punishment to keep them inline (as in: if you don’t behave on camp, you will get no deserts the entire week), but if the child does misbehave (a bit), the trick is to let them have a desert anyway (occassionally)
Acknowledge you failed (a bit) and don’t take that out on the kid. Hopefully next time they will behave better.
Because the parent knows, there will be a next time, time doesn’t stop. The child will want to live (and has to do so as part of growing up, anyway; the only alternative would be to kill the kid… )

Of course, I intend this as an analogy with the national legal system. Where the state only ever seeks to resort to (threats of), sometimes even deadly violence.
While sometimes the judge acquits a defendant, the sizes of prison populations suggest that it isn’t very often

Chosen currencies

Note: I have not yet read Hayek’s choice in currency, so I have no idea if this post duplicates or contradicts Hayek in any way

But here goes: what kinds of currencies have people chosen to use throughout history?

Of course it started with barter, but since food did not keep for long / was only available seasonally, more convenient means were sought. People liked gold, so started to do barter with gold as an intermediary, because gold is portable (though heavy), scarce, divisible (unlike a live cow) and in sufficient demand. Any monetary currency is a substitute for barter.

In Surinam, the people used to keep sugar as a retirement fund. Which had its downsides: insects would make off with your savings.

In the Gulag, people would sometimes make soups from plant leaves, those hungry from chopping wood on Siberia’s frozen tundra, were sometimes happy to trade in their shoes that kept their feet off the frozen top soil. those shoes were so scarce and desired, they were used as currency.

Then there is the inflation in (iirc) Brasil, which made the population look for a replacement for the official state currency, the peope chose bus tokens: those were small and easily portable (though not divisible), and could be exchanged for a bus ride.
The danger to such a system is, that because the tokens were still issued centrally by the bus company (which I presume was state-run), if the token money catches on, the state may take to inflating the currency (as they are wont to do) removing one more currency from the pool of convenient money substitutes. And wreaking havoc with the bus company’s planning of resource application.