Al societies that depended on classic slavery for economic production have failed. Admittedly, the tales of the Mayas and I)the Incas are rather special ones, involving military conquest by technologically advanced strangers (the Spanish Conquistadors had horses), so let’s leave them out of this analysis. The USSR with its #BasicIncomeGuarantee inevitably financed through #Gulag-slavery (because no state has any degree of productivity at all, so no income of its own, it must extract wealth from those that are productive, like citizens), is also a well-deserved goner.
Classic slavery (human bondage, forced hard physical labour) is an economic disaster, because:
The slaves must be coerced with violence so aren’t motivated to give it their best, perhaps they even sabotage production, like many factory workers in the countries occupied by the nazis did. The “carrot and stick” equation does not balance.
The whole society and many of its laws must be based around enslavenment of the unfortunate losers of (costly) foreign wars. Further drains on wealth, the institutions serving the purpose of hunting down fugitive slaves, are also needed So, entire institutions must be founded that cost lots of money, which can’t properly be counted as investments, only as losses (educating the slaves to become better/more productive workers would be an investment). I’m not even counting the expensive wars that must be begun and won, in order to get enough new slaves to replace run-away, damaged, or dead slaves, or to acquire the first batch at all.
Slaves must be housed and fed, and kept under watch so they won’t escape.
This list suggests that societies that depend on exploitation of resources, without reinvesting in them (wage payments to purchase voluntary labour) cannot and will not survive.
For this reason alone, it is inevitable that the nation state will collapse, leaving many of the oblivious leadership surprised. And the citizens that were unprepared for the collapse, will be left in shambles.
Thereby suggesting that agression is a poorly advised means of organizing a society.
Since all politis (political units) are founded upon agressive dominion – with sometimes even a (secret!) police to force the people in line and to force them to pay taxes – I have yet to hear the first reasonable person sincerely defend taxation as voluntary. And thus as durable.
There is so much past to learn from, surely some of the 7 bilion are capable of doing that?
Government is incapable of producing, so does not add to man’s betterment; it can only:
So: all governments will collapse, likely sooner rather than later. The only way to achieve continuous, durable well-being for the people is through statelessness.
Sure, that might also fail, possibly even without someone seizing political power, but the fear of a possible future government is no reason to continue on tolerating the current one.
Also, it is more likely to be less obsessively conservative in its efforts to prevent development, for fear of losing political power.